Local Solutions for a Global Economy

TILI National Survey of Informal Workers

The results from a survey of 1,200 informal workers in Tunisia are now available as part of GFI's Tunisian Inclusive Labor Initiative (TILI). The survey was administered by GFI along with local partners: the Tunisian Association for Management and Social Stability (TAMSS), Partners for Democratic Change (PDC) and Tunisian survey firm ISTIS. The survey was conducted in six regions throughout Tunisia: Tunis, El Kef, Kasserine, Gafsa, Sfax, and Mednine.

The full report, in its original French, can be found on the TAMSS website here.

Or, read the full report translated into English here.

Learn more about the TILI Project here.

Main Survey Findings

Demographics of Informal Workers:

- 66.2% are men, 33.8% are women

- 37.2% are less than 30 years old

- More than two-thirds (72.42%) of households of informal workers earn an average monthly income of 300DT. 25.67% of households are comprised of four individuals and 22.78% are comprised of five.

- 51.5% have at most a primary education, 11.3% have at most some University education, 32% (one third) have a qualifications diploma

Previous and Current Employment Situation:

- 51.3% were previously employed prior to starting their current informal work, 67.4% of those were previously employed in the informal sector

- Half of those who are between 20 and 29 are looking for another job

- Among those who are looking for another job, 76.5% want a job with social security

Attitudes and Experiences of Informal Workers:

- 95.77% of employees have no employment contract

- 98.2% say that overtime is not paid

- 16.17% have the right to day offs and rest

- 48.4% choose to working informally because of a need for money, 49.18% say working informally is a personal choice and they lack of access to better jobs.

- 61.12% think that their skill sets and training do not match their current work

- 19% of the surveyed population benefits from the state social programs

- 30% say they do not expect anything from the government

- 80% believe that the current situation in Tunisia is incomprehensible and questionable, 12% have confidence in the future

Procedures, Legislation and Administrative Services:

- 68.6% of informal workers have no information on government work programs

- 90% of informal workers do not know the steps to formalize their activities

- More than 90% of the surveyed population has no information on minimum wage, labor contracts and labor other rights

- Only 12% are aware of the procedures and steps to join social security

- 21% of independents say they are interested in formalizing but do not know procedures, 26% have never thought of the possibility

- 90% of independents that do not have a license have not tried to register because they feel that their activities do not require a license (59%) or because they do not want to pay taxes (16.7 %)

- The main factors encouraging formalization are: access to finance, lower tax costs and assistance for registration, while bureaucracy (36.2%) and nepotism (33.4%) are considered major barriers to formalization